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Trichomonas vaginalis RNA, Qualitative, TMA, Males

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Trichomonas vaginalis RNA, Qualitative, TMA, Males

We are required to report positive results for this test to the CDC.


Fasting Required: No

Specimen: Urine
The patient should not have urinated for at least one hour prior to specimen collection. Patient to provide a first-catch urine (approximately 20-30 mL of the initial urine stream) into a urine collection cup free of any preservatives.

Results: 7-10 Business Days

Description:
Trichomonas vaginalis is the most common curable sexually transmitted infection worldwide. Infections in women can range from no symptoms to severe inflammatory vaginitis. In men, this infection typically shows no symptoms but is increasingly being recognised as a cause of non-gonococcal urethritis (inflammation of the uretha). This parasite only infects the urogenital (urinary and genital) tract.

Methodology
Transcription-Mediated Amplification (TMA)

Note: Result turn around times are an estimate and are not guaranteed. Our reference lab may need additional time due to weather, holidays, confirmation/repeat testing, or equipment maintenance.

Trichomonas vaginalis RNA, Qualitative, TMA, Female

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Trichomonas vaginalis RNA, Qualitative, TMA, Female

We are required to report positive results for this test to the CDC.


Fasting Required: No

Specimen: Female Urine
The patient should not have urinated for at least one hour prior to specimen collection. Patient to provide a first-catch urine (approximately 20-30 mL of the initial urine stream) into a urine collection cup free of any preservatives. Collection of larger volumes of urine may result in specimen dilution that may reduce test sensitivity. Patients should not cleanse the labial area prior to providing the specimen.

Results: 7-10 Business Days

Description: Trichomonas vaginalis is the most common curable sexually transmitted infection worldwide. Infections in women can range from no symptoms to severe inflammatory vaginitis. In men, this infection typically shows no symptoms but is increasingly being recognized as a cause of non-gonococcal urethritis (inflammation of the uretha). This parasite only infects the urogenital (urinary and genital) tract.

Methodology
Transcription-Mediated Amplification (TMA)

Alternative Name(s)
Urine Trichomonas, Vaginitis, Trichomoniasis

Note: Result turn around times are an estimate and are not guaranteed. Our reference lab may need additional time due to weather, holidays, confirmation/repeat testing, or equipment maintenance.

Herpes Simplex Virus (HSV) Types 1-/2-Specific Antibodies, IgG

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Herpes Simplex Virus (HSV) Types 1-/2-Specific Antibodies, IgG

Ppositive results for this test are reported to the CDC.

Fasting Required: No

Specimen: Blood

Results: 5-7 Business Days

Description:
IgG antibodies indicate a previous infection. Herpes simplex virus 1 (HSV-1) typically causes oral herpes, an infection of the lips and mouth, that is commonly known as cold sores or fever blisters. Genital herpes is generally caused by herpes simplex virus 2 (HSV-2). The herpes simplex virus is transmitted by direct contact with a sore or the body fluid of an infected individual.

Methodology
Immunoassay (IA)

Limitations
Individuals infected with HSV may not exhibit detectable IgG antibody in the early stages of infection.

Clinical Significance
Herpes Simplex Virus (HSV) is responsible for several clinically significant human viral diseases, with severity ranging from inapparent to fatal. Clinical manifestations include genital tract infections, neonatal herpes, meningoencephalitis, keratoconjunctivitis, and gingivostomatitis. There are two HSV serotypes that are closely related antigenically. HSV type 2 is more commonly associated with genital tract and neonatal infections, while HSV type 1 is more commonly associated with infections of non-genital sites. Specific typing is not usually required for diagnosis or treatment. The mean time to seroconversion using the type specific assay is 25 days. The performance of this assay has not been established for use in a pediatric population, for neonatal screening, or for testing of immunocompromised patients.

Note: Result turn around times are an estimate and are not guaranteed. Our reference lab may need additional time due to weather, holidays, confirmation/repeat testing, or equipment maintenance.

Herpes Simplex Virus (HSV) Type 2-Specific Antibodies, IgG

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Herpes Simplex Virus (HSV) Type 2-Specific Antibodies, IgG

Positive results for this test are reported to the CDC.

Fasting Required: No<br\>

Specimen: Blood <br\>

Results: 5-7 Business Days

Description:
Genital herpes is generally caused by herpes simplex virus 2 (HSV-2). The herpes simplex virus is transmitted by direct contact with a sore or the body fluid of an infected individual.

Methodology
Immunoassay (IA)

Limitations
Individuals infected with HSV may not exhibit detectable IgG antibody in the early stages of infection.

Clinical Significance
Herpes simplex virus (HSV) is responsible for several clinically significant human viral diseases, with severity ranging from inapparent to fatal. Clinical manifestations include genital tract infections, neonatal herpes, meningo-encephalitis, keratoconjunctivitis, and gingivostomatitis. There are two HSV serotypes that are closely related antigenically. HSV type 2 is more commonly associated with genital tract and neonatal infections, while HSV type 1 is more commonly associated with infections of non-genital sites. Specific typing is not usually required for diagnosis or treatment. The mean time to seroconversion using the type specific assay is 25 days. The performance of this assay has not been established for use in a pediatric population, for neonatal screening, or for testing of immunocompromised patients.

Note: Result turn around times are an estimate and are not guaranteed. Our reference lab may need additional time due to weather, holidays, confirmation/repeat testing, or equipment maintenance.</br\></br\>

Hepatitis C Virus (HCV) RNA, Qualitative, NAA

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Hepatitis C Virus (HCV) RNA, Qualitative, NAA

Positive results for this test are reported to the CDC.

Fasting Required: No

Specimen: Blood

Results: 7-10 Business Days

Description:
Hepatitis C Virus RNA tests are important clinical tools for confirming the diagnosis and guiding treatment of hepatitis C infection. There are two types of hepatitis C RNA tests, qualitative and quantitative.

The qualitative test detects the presence or absence of HCV RNA and is reported as either detected (positive) or not detected (negative). This is useful in a patient who has a positive RIBA test to confirm active infection.

Methodology
Transcription-Mediated Amplification (TMA)

Reference Range(s)
HCV RNA, Qualitative, TMA Not detected
This test was performed using the Versant® HCV RNA Qualitative Assay (TMA).

Clinical Significance
Qualitative RNA by TMA is useful in confirming HCV infection and to assess response to therapy.

Note: Result turn around times are an estimate and are not guaranteed. Our reference lab may need additional time due to weather, holidays, confirmation/repeat testing, or equipment maintenance.

Hepatitis B Core Ab (+/-), Total

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Hepatitis B Core Ab (+/-), Total
Fasting Required: No

Specimen: Blood

Results: 5-7 Business Days

Description:
Can be used to help detect acute and chronic HBV infections; the IgM antibody is the first antibody produced after infection with HBV; IgG antibody is produced in response to the core antigen later in the course of the infection and usually persists for life.

Methodology
Immunoassay (IA)

Limitations
Results obtained from immunosuppressed patients should be interpreted with caution. Patients receiving mouse antibody therapy may produce false-negative results. False-positives may be detected shortly after immunication to influenza and with patients with hypergammalobulinemia, positive rheumatoid factor, and connective tissue disorders.

Clinical Significance
This assay does not distinguish between Total B core antibody IgG and IgM detected before or at the onset of symptoms; however, such reactivity can persist for years after illness, and may even outlast anti-HBs. Occasionally Hepatitis B core antibody may be the only marker of either current or past Hepatitis B infection.

Note: Result turn around times are an estimate and are not guaranteed. Our reference lab may need additional time due to weather, holidays, confirmation/repeat testing, or equipment maintenance.

Fluorescent Treponemal Antigen, Syphilis (FTA-ABS)

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Fluorescent Treponemal Antigen, Syphilis (FTA-ABS)
Fasting Required: No

Specimen: Blood

Results: 3 – 5 Business days

Methodology: Immunofluorescent Assay (IFA)

Alternate Names: Treponemal pallidum, Fluorescent Treponemal Antigen, Syphilis

Description: This test is done routinely to confirm whether a positive screening test for syphilis (either VDRL or RPR) means you have a current syphilis infection. It may also be done when other syphilis tests are negative, to rule out a possible false-negative result.

Note: Result turn around times are an estimate and are not guaranteed. Our reference lab may need additional time due to weather, holidays, confirmation/repeat testing, or equipment maintenance.

Epstein-Barr, Ab to Early Antigens IgG

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Epstein-Barr, Ab to Early Antigens IgG
Fasting Required: No

Specimen: Blood

Results: 2-3 business days

Description:
EBV is a member of the herpesvirus family and is one of the most common human viruses. The virus occurs worldwide, and most people become infected with EBV sometime during their lives. In the United States, as many as 95% of adults between 35 and 40 years of age have been infected. Transmission of EBV requires contact with the saliva of an infected person. The incubation period, or the time from infection to appearance of symptoms, ranges from 4 to 6 weeks. Detection of antibody to the early antigen is a sign of active infection, but 20% of healthy people may have this antibody for years.

Methodology:
Immunoassay (IA)

Note: Result turnaround times are an estimate and are not guaranteed. Our reference lab may need additional time due to weather, holidays, confirmation/repeat testing, or equipment maintenance.

Chlamydia/Neisseria Gonorrhoeae RNA, TMA

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Chlamydia/Neisseria Gonorrhoeae RNA, TMA

Positive results for this test are reported to the CDC.

Fasting Required: No

Specimen: Urine. The patient should not have urinated for at least one hour prior to specimen collection. Female patients should not cleanse the labial area prior to providing the specimen.

Results: 7-10 business days

Description:
Chlamydia & Gonorrhea are both extremely common STDs that can infect both men and women. Almost 75% of female infections and 50% of male infections do not have symptoms. A pregnant woman with chlamydia or gonorrhea can pass the infection to her baby during childbirth.

Includes:
Chlamydia trachomatis, Neisseria gonorrhoeae

Methodology:
Dual Kinetic Assay (DKA) • Target Capture • Transcription-Mediated Amplification (TMA)

Alternative Name(s):
CT/NG APTIMA®,CT/GC APTIMA®,Hologic,CT/GC TMA,CT/NG TMA

Note: Result turn around times are an estimate and are not guaranteed. Our reference lab may need additional time due to weather, holidays, confirmation/repeat testing, or equipment maintenance.

Hepatitis A IgM Ab (+/-)

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Hepatitis A IgM Ab (+/-)

Positive results for this test to the CDC.

Fasting Required: No

Specimen: Blood

Results: 5-7 Business Days

Description:
The IgM antibody develops within a week of symptom onset, peaks in three months, and is usually gone after six months. The IgM antibody test detects the first antibody produced by the body when it is exposed to hepatitis A. This test is used to detect early or recent infections and to diagnose the disease in people with symptoms of acute hepatitis.

Methodology
Immunoassay (IA)

Reference Range(s)
Non-Reactive

Clinical Significance
IgM antibodies to Hepatitis A suggest a current, acute or recent Hepatitis A infection.

Note: Result turn around times are an estimate and are not guaranteed. Our reference lab may need additional time due to weather, holidays, confirmation/repeat testing, or equipment maintenance.

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